Allergic conjunctivitis is an eye inflammation caused by an allergic reaction to substances like pollen or mold spores or can be seasonal .When eyes are exposed to substances like pollen or mold spores or any harmful dust particles, they may become red, itchy, and irritating. These are symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis. Eye become swollen, red and watery due to inflammatory reactions. Conjunctiva is a covering surface on eye which is more susceptible to these allergens and get inflamed soon.it is very common problem now a days, quite common in spring and summer season. This redness and swelling is our body’s response to substance which an allergic person body considers harmful. Their body produces HISTAMINE, a potent chemical to fight off foreign invaders. This histamine cause redness and inflammation. Some people do not have any problem by this pollen and mouldy but some people are very hypersensitive to this condition.
It is very common problem in Pakistan during spring and summer season. It occurs due to many reasons but some are given as
- dust pollen from trees and grassmold
- Spores animal
- fungal allergens
- dander chemical scents such as household detergents or perfume
- no use of glasses to avoid pollutants
- animal danders
- certain medicated eye drops
- certain medical side effects
- High hypersensitivity
As the eye exposed to pollen, it gets inflamed soon and there is sudden onset of
- watery discharge
- nasal secretions
- puffy eye
There are also some signs which appear on getting this infection
- lid oedema
- .Hyperaemia (increase vascularity)
There are many treatment methods available for allergic conjunctivitis according to cause and severity.
Some medications are given to reduce the redness and infection. Like
- Antitihistamine eyedrops
- Oral antihistamine
- Mast cell stabilizer eyedrops
- .Antihistamine and mast cell stabilizer eyedrops
- NSAID eyedrops
2- HOME REMEDY
Home remedies are quite easy to do than the use of antibiotics and drops which may have some drawbacks. Following remedies must follow.
- Treating allergic conjunctivitis at home involves a combination of prevention strategies, improve activities to eliminate the symptoms and reduce the risks.
- To minimize your exposure to allergens:’
- Close windows when the pollen count is high
- keep home dust-free
- Use an indoor air purifier
- avoid exposure to harsh chemicals, dyes, and perfumes
- To ease your symptoms, avoid rubbing your eyes.
- Applying a cool compress to your eyes.
- These all remedies can be achieved through a single action that is by wearing glasses which not only halt the access of dust particles to eyes but also prevent eye from being infected.
Wearing sunglasses when going out minimize the amount of stimulants getting into your eyes and also prevent harmful rays reaching e